147 references to the required number of “6,000,000 Jews” prior to the Nuremberg Trial

1900       [quote=”Stephen S. Wise, New York Times, June 11, 1900″]There are [b]6,000,000[/b] living, bleeding, suffering arguments in favor of Zionism.[/quote]

1902       [quote=”Encyclopaedia Britannica, 10th Edition, 1902, page 482″]While there are in Russia and Rumania [b]six millions[/b] of Jews who are being systematically degraded…[/quote]

1903       [quote=”The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), September 18th, 1903, page 6″][…] [b]six million[/b] downtrodden brethren.[/quote]

1904       [quote=”The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), February 19th, 1904, page 2″][…] where five or [b]six million[/b] people existed under persecution.[/quote]

1904       [quote=”The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), October 7th, 1904″][…] the final and definite deliverance of the [b]six millions[/b] of Russian, Roumanian and Galician Jews […] transporting five or [b]six million[/b] people over the sea.[/quote]

1905       [quote=”New York Times, January 29th, 1905″]He declared that a free and a happy Russia, with its [b]6,000,000[/b] Jews, would possibly mean the end of Zionism, since the abolition of the autocracy would practically eliminate the causes that brought Zionism into existence.[/quote]

1905       [quote=”New York Times, November 1st, 1905″]From 1800 to 1902 he caused [b]6,000,000[/b] Jewish families to be expelled from Russia […][/quote]

1906       [quote=”New York Times, March 25th, 1906″][…] the condition and future of Russia’s [b]6,000,000[/b] Jews were made on March 12 in Berlin to the annual meeting of the Central Jewish Relief League of Germany by Dr. Paul Nathan […][/quote]

1907       [quote=”The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), October 18th, 1907, page 13″][…] for [b]six million[/b] people cannot emigrate.[/quote]

1908       [quote=”Deseret Evening News, March 17th, 1908″][…] poverty, starvation and disease are the afflictions which now beset the [b]six million[/b] Jews in that country and Roumania.[/quote]

1908       [quote=”The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), August 7th, 1908″][…] when [b]six million[/b] Russian Jews are crying […][/quote]

1910       [quote=”The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), February 4th, 1910″][b]SIX MILLION[/b] BABIES SAVED BY STRAUS.[/quote]

1911       [quote=”The Zionist Congress, 1911″][…] complete annihilation for [b]six million[/b] people […][/quote]

1911       [quote=”The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), August 18th, 1911, page 14″]Very soon a fervid Russian patriotism will reign in every Ghetto, and the melting-up of the race begin. But this absorption of the five or [b]six million[/b] Jews […][/quote]

1911       [quote=”The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), August 25th, 1911″][…] [b]six million[/b] Jews are still groaning under the most terrible yoke.[/quote]

1911       [quote=”The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), September 1st, 1911″][…] the downfall lf [b]six million[/b] creatures […] for no war has ever destroyed [b]six million[/b] human lives.[/quote]

1911       [quote=”New York Times, October 31st, 1911″]The [b]6,000,000[/b] Jews of Russia are singled out for systematic oppression and for persecution due to process of law.[/quote]

1912       [quote=”American Jewish Year Book 5672 (23 Sep 1911 – 11 Sep 1912), page 308:”]Russia has since 1890 adopted a deliberate plan to expel or exterminate [b]six millions[/b] of its people for no other reason than that they refuse to become members of the Greek Church, but prefer to remain Jews.[/quote]

1912       [quote=”The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), January 5th, 1912″][…] more than [b]six million[/b] Jews reside in small towns and villages there is no Sabbath question.[/quote]

1914       [quote=”The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), July 10th, 1914, page 9″][…] where [b]six million[/b] Jews are suffering […][/quote]

1914       [quote=”New York Times, December 2nd, 1914, page 12″]APPEAL FOR AID FOR JEWS. […] the plight of more than [b]6,000,000[/b] Jews […] upon the Jewish people, more than nine millions of whom live in the countries at war and over [b]six million[/b] of these in the actual war zone in Poland, Galicia and the whole of Russian frontier.[/quote]

1915       [quote=”New York Times, January 14th, 1915, page 3″]In the world today there are about 13,000,000 Jews, of whom more than [b]6,000,000[/b] are in the heart of the war zone; Jews whose lives are at stake and who today are subjected to every manner of suffering and sorrow […][/quote]

1915       [quote=”The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), March 19th, 1915″]How the casting of [b]six million[/b] people into the deepest abyss of servitude and outlawry is to relieve tension we cannot understand.[/quote]

1915       [quote=”The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), June 25th, 1915″]The annihilation of the [b]six million[/b] Jews now congregated in the Russian domains goes on in a well defined and systematic manner.[/quote]

1915       [quote=”New York Tribune, October 14th, 1915″]What the Turks are doing to Armenians is child’s play compared to what Russia is doing to [b]six million[/b] Jews, her own subjects.[/quote]

1915       [quote=”The Mercury, December 4th, 1915″][…] [b]six millions[/b] of Russian and Polish Jews are to-day the most pitiable victims of that race hatred and that race fanaticism which have been the creed of Germany […][/quote]

1916       [quote=”The Jews in the Eastern War Zone, The American Jewish Committee, 1916″][…] where [b]six million[/b] human beings guilty only of adherence to the Jewish faith are compelled to live out their lives in squalor and misery, in constant terror of massacre […] estimated at [b]six million[/b] or more […] of these [b]six million[/b] people […] a kind of prison with [b]six million[/b] inmates […] The persons most affected, the [b]six million[/b] Jews of Russia […] The Jews are loyal and brave, and it is most inadvisable to pursue a policy which might convert [b]six million[/b] subjects into enemies. […] the [b]six million[/b] Jews of Russia still continued […] nearly three of the [b]six million[/b] […][/quote]

1916       [quote=”The Tacoma Times, February 28th, 1916″][…] there were [b]6,000,000[/b] Jews in Europe absolutely without food or resources.[/quote]

1916       [quote=”New York Times, February 28th, 1916″]Nearly [b]six million[/b] Jews are ruined in the greatest moral and material misery; millions of them are refugees, dependent upon the good will of their brethren.[/quote]

1916       [quote=”The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), March 3rd, 1916″]”Nearly [b]six million[/b] Jews are ruined.”[/quote]

1916       [quote=”The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), March 31st, 1916, page 6″]Position of the Jews in Russia. The Jews in Russia, numbering about [b]six million[/b], are denied full political and civil rights and are economically oppressed.[/quote]

1916       [quote=”El Paso Herald., April 22nd, 1916, page 5″][b]Six Million[/b] Jews Are Deprived Of Papers By Russian Censorship. […] [b]Six million[/b] Jews have been robbed of their newspapers.[/quote]

1916       [quote=”The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), August 4th, 1916″][…] [b]six million[/b] Jews […][/quote]

1918       [quote=”The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh) – Volume 50 Issue 2, September 5th, 1918″][…] Russia, where the bulk of the Jewish people to the number of well over [b]six million[/b] still dwell, is a land of blood and midnight darkness.[/quote]

1918       [quote=”New York Times, October 18th, 1918″][b]Six million[/b] Souls Will Need Help to Resume Normal Life When War Is Ended. […] Committee of American Jews Lays Plans for the Greatest Humanitarian Task in History. […] [b]6,000,000[/b] Jews Need Help.[/quote]

1919       [quote=”The Watchman and Southron, April 5th, 1919″][b]Six million[/b] Jews in Poland, Lithuania, Galicia, Palestine, Turkey and Siberia are dying of starvation. […] These [b]six million[/b] despairing souls are totally dependent on American generosity for the bare necessities of life.[/quote]

1919       [quote=”El Paso Herald., April 7th, 1919″][…] to save from starvation [b]six million[/b] Jews who are the helpless victims of the German Terror.[/quote]

1919       [quote=”New York Times, September 8th, 1919, page 6″]127,000 Jews Have Been Killed and [b]6,000,000[/b] Are in Peril. […] [b]6,000,000[/b] souls in Ukrainia and in Poland have received notice through action and by word that they are going to be completely exterminated – this fact stands before the whole world as the paramount issue of the present day.[/quote]

1919       [quote=”San Francisco Chronicle, October 19th, 1919, page 18″][b]6,000,000[/b] JEWS IN BREAD LINE, STRAUS WRITES. More Than Third of Entire Race in World Reduced to Despair in Europe. […] [b]Six million[/b] Jews, out of the 1[b]6,000,000[/b] in the world […][/quote]

1919       [quote=”Cape Vincent Eagle, October 23rd, 1919″][…] there are [b]six million[/b] people in other lands without food, shelter or raiment is disturbing. […] When read, as I have read all my life, of the persecution and slaughter of the Jews I am not proud of my own race or of my religion.[/quote]

1919       [quote=”The American Hebrew, October 31st, 1919, page 582″]The Crucifixion of Jews Must Stop! From across the sea [b]six million[/b] men and women call to us for help […] Within them reside the illimitable possibilities for the advancement of the human race as naturally would reside in [b]six million[/b] human beings. […] In this catastrophe, when [b]six million[/b] human beings are being whirled toward the grave by a cruel and relentless fate, only the most idealistic promptings of human nature should sway the heart and move the hand. [b]Six million[/b] men and women are dying from lack of the necessaries of life […] bigoted lust for Jewish blood. In this threatened [b]holocaust[/b] of human life […] in the name of the humanity of Moses to [b]six million[/b] famished men and women. [b]Six million[/b] men and women are dying […] [b]six million[/b] Jewish men and women are starring across the seas […][/quote]

1919       [quote=”The Evening Tribune Providence, October 31st, 1919, page 11″]In the midst of our campaign for the relief of the [b]six million[/b] Jews of Eastern Europe […][/quote]

1919       [quote=”Felix M. Warburg, New York Times, November 12th, 1919″]The Jews were the worst sufferers in the war. The successive blows of contending armies have all but broken the back of European Jewry and have reduced to tragically unbelievable poverty, starvation and disease about [b]6,000,000[/b] souls, or half the Jewish population of the earth.[/quote]

1919       [quote=”Gouvernur Free Press, November 12th, 1919″][b]Six Million[/b] Men and Women Are Dying… Won’t You Help Them? […] From across the sea [b]six million[/b] men and women call to us for help […] […] in [b]six million[/b] human beings […] In this catastrophe, when [b]six million[/b] human beings are being whirled toward the grave by a cruel and relentless fate […] [b]Six million[/b] men and women are dying […] [b]Six million[/b] men and women are dying […] Because of this war for Democracy [b]six million[/b] Jewish men and women are starving across the seas […] [b]Six million[/b] men and women of the race that helped do the greatest of the world’s work are falling into the grave! […] […] [b]six million[/b] famished men and women now turn mute eyes of appeal […][/quote]

1919       [quote=”The Toledo News-Bee, December 27th, 1919″][b]Six Million[/b] Human Beings Are Suffering the Tortures of Disease, Hunger and Death […] American Jewish Relief Committee[/quote]

1920       [quote=”Tulsa Daily World, April 11th, 1920, section B, page 14″]Today [b]6,000,000[/b] Jews Are Facing the Darkest Days Ever Known in the Long History of the Race[/quote]

1920       [quote=”New York Times, May 1st, 1920, page 8″]Just Another Drive, but the Lives of [b]6,000,000[/b] Human Beings Wait Upon the Answer.[/quote]

1920       [quote=”New York Times, May 2nd, 1920, page 1″][…] [b]six million[/b] human beings, without food, shelter, clothing or medical treatment.[/quote]

1920       [quote=”New York Times, May 3rd, 1920, page 11″]Your help is needed to save the lives of [b]six million[/b] people in Eastern and Central Europe.[/quote]

1920       [quote=”New York Times, May 5th, 1920, page 9″][…] to save [b]six million[/b] men and women in Eastern Europe from extermination by hunger and disease.[/quote]

1920       [quote=”New York Times, May 5th, 1920, page 19″][b]Six million[/b] starving, fever-stricken sufferers in war-torn Europe appeal to us.[/quote]

1920       [quote=”New York Times, May 7th, 1920″][…] Jewish war sufferers in Central and Eastern Europe where [b]six millions[/b] face horrifying conditions of famine, disease and death.[/quote]

1920       [quote=”The Ogden Standard-Examiner, August 20th, 1920″][…] there are [b]six million[/b] Jews in eastern and central Europe whom the war has left dependent upon America.[/quote]

1920       [quote=”New York Tribune, August 29th, 1920″]”[b]Six million[/b] Jews were made homeless by five years of foreign and domestic wars.[/quote]

1921       [quote=”New York Times, July 20, 1921, page 2″]BEGS AMERICA SAVE [b]6,000,000[/b] IN RUSSIA. Russia’s [b]6,000,000[/b] Jews are facing extermination by massacre.[/quote]

1926       [quote=”New York Times, April 21st, 1926″]”In Heaven’s Name, Arouse the Jews of America!” New York’s Quota: $[b]6,000,000[/b] United Jewish Campaign of New York[/quote]

1931       [quote=”The Montreal Gazette, December 28th, 1931, page 25″]MILLION JEWS FACE STARVATION. […] FEARS CRISIS AT HAND. […] [b]six million[/b] Jews in Eastern Europe face starvation, and even worse, during the coming winter.[/quote]

1932       [quote=”Symphony of Six Million, film, April 29th, 1932″]Directed by Gregory La Cava, written by Fannie Hurst (story), J. Walter Ruben, Bernard Schubert (screenplay), starring Ricardo Cortez.[/quote]

1933       [quote=”New York Times, March 29, 1933″]It is now active in relief and reconstructive work in Eastern Europe where [b]6,000,000[/b] Jews are involved.[/quote]

1933       [quote=”New York Times, June 1st, 1933, page 6″]Dr. Margoshes said he had received a letter from the poet at Zurich a few days ago, statig that she had “run away from the [b]holocaust[/b]” […][/quote]

1933       [quote=”The Jewish Western Bulletin, September 21st, 1933″]At this period of human persecution and of human destruction, when life, especially Jewish life has ceased to be of any value in the cruel land of bloody Germany, when the lives of hundreds of thousands are tortured and hang in the balance – during this [b]holocaust[/b] […][/quote]

1935       [quote=”New York Times, September 8th, 1935, page 26″]The preliminary session of the first world conference of the Federation of Polish Jews being attended by sixty delegates from eighteen countries representing [b]6,000,000[/b] Jews […][/quote]

1936       [quote=”Chaim Weizmann: Reden und Aufsatze 1901-1936. jud. Bucherverlag Erwin Lowe, Berlin 1937″]Declared the 6 million number to be symbolic of the Jewish destiny.[/quote]

1936       [quote=”Chaim Weizmann, 1936″]It is no exaggeration to say that [b]six million[/b] Jews are sentenced to be imprisoned in this part of the world, where they are unwanted, and for whom the countries are divided into those, where they are unwanted, and those, where they are not admitted.[/quote]

1936       [quote=”Israeli Government Year Book of 1953″]Dr. [Chaim] Weizmann spoke to Peel Commission sent out by Britain in 1936 of [b]six million[/b] Jews in European countries who had neither hope nor future save in the land of Israel.[/quote]

1936       [quote=”New York Times, May 31st, 1936, page 14″]AMERICANS APPEAL FOR JEWISH REFUGE. The petition, in expressing the opinion of enlightened Christian leadership in the United States, favoring a larger Jewish immigration into Palestine, stressed the intolerable sufferings of the millions of Jews in “the European [b]holocaust[/b].” […] to save these unfortunate millions from total annihilation […][/quote]

1936       [quote=”The Jewish Western Bulletin, June 12nd, 1936, page 3″]Great Britain has it within her power to throw open the gates of Palestine and let in the victimized and persecuted Jews escaping from the European [b]holocaust[/b].[/quote]

1936       [quote=”The Montreal Gazette, August 8th, 1936, page 5″]Delegates of 32 Nations Represent [b]six million[/b] Hebrews.[/quote]

1936       [quote=”Chaim Weizmann, The (London) Times, November 26th, 1936″]While in Western Europe many individual Jews had happy homes, in Eastern Europe there were [b]6,000,000[/b] unwanted unfortunates who were condemned to be penned up in places where they could not live. […] the presence of these [b]6,000,000[/b] people without a future whose condition was a threat to Europe.[/quote]

1936       [quote=”Chaim Weizmann, The Jewish Western Bulletin, December 11th, 1936, page 3″][…] where [b]six million[/b] Jews are in a position which is neither life nor death.[/quote]

1937       [quote=”Jewish Western Bulletin, December 31st, 1937″]The number [b]six million[/b] is often used to describe the Jewish population of Central and Eastern Europe.[/quote]

1938       [quote=”New York Times, January 9th, 1938, page 12″]PERSECUTED JEWS SEEN ON INCREASE. [b]6,000,000[/b] VICTIMS NOTED. […] Five to [b]six million[/b] in all are today the victims of governmental anti–Semitism […][/quote]

1938       [quote=”New York Times, February 23rd, 1938, page 23″]A depressing picture of [b]6,000,000[/b] Jews in Central Europe deprived of protection or economic opportunities, slowly dying of starvation, all hope gone […] Now anti-Semitism has spread to thirteen European nations, and threatens the very existence of millions of Jews.[/quote]

1938       [quote=”The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), April 1st, 1938, page 15″]I shall not comment upon the first except to remind you that [b]six million[/b] Jews in Europe are struggling between life and death.[/quote]

1938       [quote=”The Guardian, April 4th, 1938, page 11″][b]Six million[/b] Jews at this moment are trapped like rats […][/quote]

1938       [quote=”New York Times, May 2nd, 1938″]The rising tide of anti-Semitism in Europe today, which has deprived more than [b]6,000,000[/b] Jews and non-Aryans of a birthright […][/quote]

1938       [quote=”Turtle Mountain Star, Rolla, North Dakota, October 6th, 1938″]Five or [b]six million[/b] Jews, uprooted by dictatorship and tossed about by economic storms, may have to depend upon the development of the Holy Land, under British mandate, as a solution to their difficulties. But they face the hostility of the Arabs living there, whose economic and religious interests conflict with theirs. […] …protects the settlers from the raiding Arabs. […] The Arabs Are Coming! […] The dreaded Mohammedan raiders have been sighted by a neighbor settler… [/quote]

1938       [quote=”The Times, November 22nd, 1938″]Mass emigration of Jews to Palestine for two years and the formation of a Jewish national assembly was advocated by Sir John Haslam, M.P., in a message which he sent to a public meeting at the Kingsway Hall last night held by the New Zionist Organization. The message stated that the problem now involved some [b]6,000,000[/b] Jews.[/quote]

1939       [quote=”New York Times, January 15th, 1939, page 27″]Rabbi Silver wanted assistance to Jewish emigration safeguarded so that European governments would realize that “it is impossible to evacuate [b]6,000,000[/b] Jews.”[/quote]

1939       [quote=”The Canadian Jewish Chronicle, January 27th, 1939″]Only [b]six million[/b] Jews remain at the moment safe. But they will have to carry the burden.[/quote]

1939       [quote=”Chaim Weizmann, The Palestine Post, February 14th, 1939″]The fate of [b]six million[/b] people was in balance […][/quote]

1939       [quote=”The Jewish Criterion, February 17th, 1939, page 20″]The fate of [b]six million[/b] people is in the balance. […] They supported their stand with a declaration that Jews never needed unrestricted immigration to Palestine as much as at present, with [b]6,000,000[/b] Jewish refugees seeking a haven.[/quote]

1939       [quote=”The Evening Independent, February 22nd, 1939, page 1″][b]6,000,000[/b] Helpless. […] there are [b]six million[/b] Jews in Europe today fighting desperately against intolerance and despair. For them the support of the united appeal is crucial.[/quote]

1939       [quote=”The Jewish Western Bulletin, March 3rd, 1939″][b]SIX MILLION[/b] JEWS OVERSEAS FACING PERSECUTION, DISCRIMINATION AND ECONOMIC RUIN […][/quote]

1939       [quote=”The Jewish Criterion, April 7th, 1939, page 4″]Not in Hitler’s Hands, In Yours… The Fate Of [b]Six Million[/b] European Jews[/quote]

1939       [quote=”The Jewish Criterion, April 7th, 1939, page 33″][…] [b]six million[/b] Jewish people who are in dire need today.[/quote]

1939       [quote=”The Jewish Criterion, April 14th, 1939, page 4″]Recent events in Central Europe have brought to [b]6,000,000[/b] the total number of Jews in Central and Eastern European countries affected by anti-Semitic activities […][/quote]

1939       [quote=”The Jewish Criterion, April 14th, 1939, page 6”][…] whether our [b]6,000,000[/b] fellow countrymen will live or die […] “More than a million refugees, starving, tortured, fear-dazed, have been dragged from their homes, separated from their families, expelled from their countries. Five million more, await with horror the moment this misery will strike them […][/quote]

1939       [quote=”The Jewish Criterion, April 21st, 1939, page 15″][…] the distress and suffering of [b]6,000,000[/b] Jews in Europe. […] HAVE YOU DONE YOUR DUTY? THE UNITED JEWISH FUND NEEDS YOUR HELP FOR THE HELPLESS [b]6,000,000[/b] IN EUROPE[/quote]

1939       [quote=”The Jewish Criterion, April 28th, 1939, page 3″][…] [b]6,000,000[/b] fellow Jews who are in distress today.[/quote]

1939       [quote=”The Jewish Criterion, May 5th, 1939, page 9″]PLIGHT OF [b]6,000,000[/b] […] The [b]6,000,000[/b] European Jews […][/quote]

1939       [quote=”The Jewish Criterion, May 12th, 1939, page 7″]The year of 1939 is the year of the most critical struggle of [b]6,000,000[/b] European Jews.[/quote]

1939       [quote=”Contemporary Jewish Record, Volume 2 July/August 1939 (Published by the American Jewish Committee)”][…] the coming ward would be the annihilation of the [b]six million[/b] Jews in East and Central Europe.[/quote]

1939       [quote=”The Jewish Criterion, October 13th, 1939, page 2″][…] the coming ward would be the annihilation of the [b]six million[/b] Jews in East and Central Europe.[/quote]

1939       [quote=”The Southern Israelite, November 28th, 1939″][…] the coming ward would be the annihilation of the [b]six million[/b] Jews in East and Central Europe.[/quote]

1940       [quote=”The Southern Israelite, May 3rd, 1940″]”Almost [b]six million[/b] Jews find themselves on the brink of starvation and extermination. Their only hope is the help which the Jews of America can extend to them. The success of the United Jewish Appeal will determine their fate.[/quote]

1940       [quote=”New York Times, June 25th, 1940, page 4″][b]Six million[/b] Jews in Europe are doomed to destruction, if the victory of Nazis should be final. […] The chances for mass emigration and resettlement of European Jewry seems to be remote, and European Jews face the danger of physical annihilation. Even the 4,000,000 Jews under Soviet rule, although free from racial discrimination, are not safe in the event of a final Nazi victory.[/quote]

1940       [quote=”The Palestine Post, July 1st, 1940, page 6″]Nor must we despair that [b]six million[/b] Jews will forever lose trace of their historic heritage.[/quote]

1940       [quote=”The Jewish Criterion, November 15th, 1940″]J.N.F. to Raise $[b]6,000,000[/b] for Palestine During Coming Year. […] the Jewish National Fund of America voted to raise $[b]6,000,000[/b] for the holy land’s war needs during the coming year.[/quote]

1941       [quote=”New York Times, October 2nd, 1941″][…] as to avoid the likelihood of another [b]holocaust[/b].[/quote]

1941       [quote=”The Jewish Criterion, November 28th, 1941″][b]6,000,000[/b] Jews in Europe Look to America for Aid, Says Warburg. Fully [b]six million[/b] Jews in Europe […][/quote]

1942       [quote=”The Jewish Spectator, Volume 7, 1942, page 53″]Now, too, the unspeakable tragedy of almost [b]six million[/b] Jews under nazi domination is not considered sufficiently important to be discussed.[/quote]

1942       [quote=”The Palestine Post, November 1st, 1942″]The Chief Rabbi, who spoke on behalf of Empire Jewry and Jews of the United Nations, as well as of all [b]six million[/b] Jews in Europe, said that the deliberate extinction of the whole house of Israel was being carried out by Hitler’s sadists and quislings on a scale beyond compare even in the annals of Israel.[/quote]

1942       [quote=”New York Times, December 13th, 1942, page 21″]Rabbi Israel Goldstein in Temple B’nai Jeshurun, Eighty-eighth Street, near Broadway, declared: “Authenticated reports point to 2,000,000 Jews who have already been slain by all manner of satanic barbarism, and plans for the total extermination of all Jews upon whom the Nazis can lay their hands. The slaughter of a third of the Jewish population in Hitler’s domain and the threatened slaughter of all is a [b]holocaust[/b] without parallel.[/quote]

1942       [quote=”The Courier-Mail (Brisbane), December 19th, 1942″]GERMAN HORROR CRIMES; ALLIES PROMISE JUSTICE. Statements issued simultaneously in London, Washington and Moscow, told at German barbarity and of proof of the Nazi determination to exterminate Jews. […] Hitler’s decision to exterminate the Jews […] It is estimated that there are between five and [b]six million[/b] Jews in Occupied Europe […] Nazi Slaughter House. […] Hitler’s oft-repeated intention to exterminate the Jewish people in Europe.[/quote]

1942       [quote=”Barrier Miner (Australia), December 23rd, 1942″]Mr. Silverman suggested that Australia and Canada could each absorb [b]6,000,000[/b] Jews. […] MOST ARE DOOMED […] The Jewish Congress declares that 2,000,000 Jews have been exterminated so far.[/quote]

1942       [quote=”The Massacre of a People: What the Democracies Can Do, 1943”]The following article is an except from “Let My People Go,” a pamphlet written on Christmas Day, 1942, in London. […] Of the [b]six million[/b] Jews or so who were living at the outbreak of the war in what is at present Nazi-occupied Europe, a high proportion -between one and two million- have been deliberately murdered by the Nazis and their satellites. […] Unless something effective is done, within a very few months these [b]six million[/b] Jews will all be dead […][/quote]

1943       [quote=”American Zionist Emergency Council (from 1970 known as the American Zionist Movement) – “Palestine” – Volumes 1-5 (1943)”]Jewish civilian casualties will be close to [b]six million[/b] […][/quote]

1943       [quote=”Debates: House of Commons, official report, volume 5, Canada, 1943″]I should like to read a bit from a pamphlet entitled “Let My People Go,” written by Victor Gollancz: Of the [b]6,000,000[/b] Jews or so who were living at the outbreak of the war in what is at present nazi-occupied Europe, a high proportion -say between one and two million- have been deliberately murdered by the nazis and their satellites. […] within a very few months these [b]six million[/b] Jews will all be dead […][/quote]

1943       [quote=”Contemporary Jewish Record, Volume 6 1943 (Published by the American Jewish Committee)”]Suddenly, during the summer of 1942, world public opinion was shocked out of its lethargy by the realization that the Nazis had decreed the complete extinction of [b]six million[/b] Jews and that a third of the victims had already perished.[/quote]

1943       [quote=”The Canberra Times, January 25th, 1943″][…] Jews are being subjected as part of Hitler’s plan to exterminate [b]six million[/b] Jews in occupied Europe.[/quote]

1943       [quote=”The (London) Times, January 25th, 1943″]They note further that the extermination already carried out is part of the Carrying into effect of Hitler’s oft-repeated intention to exterminate the Jewish people in Europe, which means in effect the extermination of some [b]6,000,000[/b] persons in the territories over which Hitler’s rule has been extended.[/quote]

1943       [quote=”The Guardian, January 27th, 1943, page 4″]A PROPOSAL TO SAVE THE JEWS […] Some [b]six million[/b] lives remained in imminent peril.[/quote]

1943       [quote=”Ben Hecht, Reader’s Digest, February 1943, page 108″]Of these [b]6,000,000[/b] Jews almost a third have already been massacred by Germans, Rumanians and Hungarians, and the most conservative of the scorekeepers estimate that before the war ends at least another third will have been done to death.[/quote]

1943       [quote=”New York Times, March 2nd, 1943″][…] appalling is the fact that those who proclaim the Four Freedoms have so far done very little to secure even the freedom to live for [b]6,000,000[/b] of their Jewish fellow men by readiness to rescue those who might still escape Nazi torture and butchery.[/quote]

1943       [quote=”The Advertiser (Adelaide, Australia), May 15th, 1943″][…] the possibility of the complete wiping out of [b]six million[/b] Jews if something is not immediately done to secure a harbor of refuge.[/quote]

1943       [quote=”Toledo Blade, August 27th, 1943″]3,000,000 Jews Left In Europe – [b]5,300,000[/b] Reported To Have Perished. Europe’s Jewish population has been reduced from 8,300,000 to 3,000,000 during the 10 years the Nazis have been in power, says the Institute of Jewish Affairs.[/quote]

1944       [quote=”The Palestine Post, January 23rd, 1944″]Only a handful of Polish Jews survived the extermination. They were now either with the partisans in the forests or living as Crypto-Jews. The death toll was [b]six million[/b], they declared.[/quote]

1944       [quote=”The Montreal Gazette, March 18th, 1944, page 11″]There must be insurance that the Germans, unrepentant as they were after the last war, do not prepare another [b]holocaust[/b].[/quote]

1944       [quote=”Rabbi Michael Dov Ber Weissmandl, May 15th, 1944″]And you – our brothers in Palestine, in all the countries of freedom, and you, ministers of all the kingdom – how do you keep silent in the face of this great murder? Silent while thousand on thousands, reaching now to [b]six million[/b] Jews, were murdered. And silent now while tens of thousands are still being murdered and waiting to be murdered? Their destroyed hearts cry to you for help as they bewail your cruelty. Brutal you are and murderers too you are, because of the cold-bloodedness of the silence in which you watch.[/quote]

1944       [quote=”Rabbi Michael Dov Ber Weissmandel, May 31st, 1944″][…] heads of government and radio must announce what was done to our people in the slaughter house of Belzec, Malkinia (Treblinka), Sobibor, and Auschwitz. Till now [b]six times a million[/b] Jews from Europe and Russia have been destroyed.[/quote]

1944       [quote=”United Electrical, Radio and Machine Workers of America Convention Proceedings, September 25th-29th, 1944″]WHEREAS: History records no parallel to the bestial cruelties inflicted on the Jewish people of Europe by the Nazis and their satellites, whose coldly calculated program of extermination of all European Jews very nearly succeeded, almost [b]six million[/b] Jews having been murdered in cold blood […][/quote]

1944       [quote=”Chicago Bar Record, October 1944″]There were then at least eight million virtually homeless Jews in Europe who acquired rights under this treaty. Happily, perhaps, for the Arabs, that number has been cut down by [b]six million[/b].[/quote]

1944       [quote=”Proceedings of the Annual Convention, Vols. 62-66. Illinois State Federation of Labor, October 2nd, 1944″]WHEREAS, [b]Six million[/b] Jews were murdered by the Nazi henchmen during the time the Nazis kept Europe under their bloody heel […][/quote]

1944       [quote=”Youngstown Vindicator (Ohio), November 27th, 1944″]A five-volume “black book” containing a documentary record of the German massacre of approximately [b]6,000,000[/b] European Jews is being prepared by the state publishing house.[/quote]

1944       [quote=”The Pittsburgh Press, November 28th, 1944, page 5″][b]Six Million[/b] Jews Listed Slaughtered. A five-volume “black book” containing a documentary record of the German massacre of approximately [b]six million[/b] European Jews was being prepared today by the State publishing house. […] The work was under the general editorship of Ilya Ehrenburg and the editorial board included Poet-Playwright Konstantin Simonov, Writer Vsevold [Vsevolod] Ivanov and Poetess Vera Imber.[/quote]

1944       [quote=”The Leader, November 28th, 1944″]Russian “Black Book” lists German crimes. The first volume of a five-volume Russian “black book” recording the documentary form of the German massacre of approximately [b]6,000,000[/b] European Jews has been completed by the Soviet state publishing house […] The five-volume work is under the general editorship of Ilya Ehrenburg, noted Soviet writer and war correspondent, with an editorial board that includes poet-playwright Kanstantin [Konstantin] Simonov, writer Vsevold [Vsevolod] Ivanov and poetess Vera Imber. Editors of the work -which will be published in both Russian and English in press runs of hundreds of thousands of copies- estimate from data now available that the Germans killed between 5,000,000 and [b]6,000,000[/b] Jews in Russia, Poland and western Europe. They believe an additional 500,000 now are being murdered in Hungary.[/quote]

1944       [quote=”The Palestine Post, November 28th, 1944″][b]SIX MILLIONS[/b] MURDERED. The Soviet State Publishing House is preparing the publication of another “Black Book,” a documentary record of the German massacre of approximately [b]six million[/b] European Jews. […] According to the Soviet editors, the Germans killed between five and [b]six million[/b] Russian, Polish and Western European Jews, and an additional half million are being murdered in Hungary now.[/quote]

1944       [quote=”The Jewish Criterion, December 1st, 1944″][…] [b]5,500,000[/b] Jews have been killed in Germany and German-occupied territories since the outbreak of the war. […] Yes, the Germans murdered close to [b]six million[/b] Jews […][/quote]

1944       [quote=”Nahum Goldmann, Jewish Western Bulletin, December 8th, 1944″][…] apart from Jewish losses in combat service, [b]5,500,000[/b] Jews have been killed in Germany and German-occupied tesritories [territories] since the outbreak of the awr [war]. These figures exceed the number anticipated even by the most pessimistic. […] Yes, the Germans murdered close to [b]six million[/b] Jews […][/quote]

1944       [quote=”Ilya Ehrenburg, Soviet War News, December 22nd, 1944″]In the regions they seized, Germans killed all Jews, from the old folks to infants in arms. Ask any German prisoners why his fellow countrymen annihilated [b]six million[/b] innocent people […][/quote]

1945       [quote=”New York Times, January 8th, 1945″][b]6,000,000[/b] JEWS DEAD. The Jewish population in Europe has been reduced from 9,500,000 in 1939 to 3,500,000. Of the [b]6,000,000[/b] European Jews who have died, 5,000,000 had lived in the countries under Hitler’s occupation.[/quote]

1945       [quote=”New York Times, February 11th, 1945, page 10″]1,200,000 Jews survived of the [b]6,000,000[/b] who had been under German rule during the war, and that most of them were eager to come to Palestine.[/quote]

1945       [quote=”New York Times, February 17th, 1945″]Dr. Joseph Schwartz, European director of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, estimated today that 500,000 of Europe’s [b]6,000,000[/b] Jews had escaped destruction by emigration and that only 1,000,000 to 1,500,000 of Europe’s [b]6,000,000[/b] Jews were now left on the Continent.[/quote]

1945       [quote=”Joseph Thon, president of the National Organization of Polish Jews in America, March 22nd, 1945″]I accuse the whole German people that in the years 1939 to 1945 they slaughtered upward of 15,000,000 men, among which there were [b]6,000,000[/b] Jews. […] The German people murdered, in cold blood, in excess of [b]6,000,000[/b] European Jews, among them over 3,000,000 Polish Jews.[/quote]

1945       [quote=”Ilya Ehrenburg, The Advertiser, March 27th, 1945″][…] the Germans tortured the last handful of Jews. The Germans killed [b]six million[/b] Jews -all the Jews of Poland, Hungary, the Ukraine, Lithuania, Byelo-Russia, West Europe and of course Germany.[/quote]

1945       [quote=”Army News (Darwin, Australia), April 11th, 1945″]NAZIS HAVE MURDERED [b]SIX MILLION[/b] JEWS. Of a population of 16 million Jews in the world before the war, more than [b]six million[/b] had been murdered by the Nazis.[/quote]

1945       [quote=”Stephen S. Wise, May 1945; Friends Indeed: The Special Relationship of Israel and the United States, Norman Finkelstein, 1998, page 33″]The Christian world, and I include England, of course, in the Christian world, suffered [b]six million[/b] of the people of Jesus of Nazareth to die in a most horrible manner. The Christian world owes the Jews some reparation.[/quote]

1945       [quote=”New York Times, May 2nd, 1945″][…] estimated that only 1,000,000 of [b]6,000,000[/b] Jews in Europe in 1939 were still alive.[/quote]

1945       [quote=”The Pittsburgh Press, May 13th, 1945″]Nazis Destroy [b]six million[/b] Jews. […] Of the eight million Jews living in Germany and German occupied countries before the war, [b]6,200,000[/b] have died from either execution, cruel treatment or starvation, according to latest figures compiled by Jewish welfare organisations here.[/quote]

1945       [quote=”New York Times, May 20th, 1945, page 7″][…] seemingly endless streams of former “slaves” from all parts of Europe and by the huge cantonments of liberated victims of Nazism. More than [b]six million[/b] of them have been liberated […][/quote]

1945       [quote=”Dr. Jacob Robinson (lawyer), June 11th (12th), 1945; Nuremberg: The Last Battle, David Irving, 1996, page 61″]How great were these losses, inquired [Robert H.] Jackson, seeking a figure to use at the coming trial. ‘Six million,’ responded Dr. Robinson, and indicated that the figure included Jews in all Nazi-occupied lands ‘from the Channel to Stalingrad’ […] Jackson noted that day: ‘I was particularly interested in knowing the source and reliability of his estimate as I know no authentic data on it.'[/quote]

1945       [quote=”The Canadian Jewish Chronicle, August 3rd, 1945, page 7″]This commission is gathering all materials, documents, and photographs illustrating the martyrology of Polish Jews and of the Jews of all Europe. This proves that the Germans murdered [b]six million[/b] European Jews in Poland.[/quote]

1945       [quote=”The Times (London), August 14th, 1945″][…] some [b]6,000,000[/b] men, women, and children – were put to death by the Nazis and their satellites.[/quote]

1945       [quote=”The Evening Post (New Zealand), August 21st, 1945, page 5″]Two-fifths of all Jewry-nearly [b]6,000,000[/b] men, women and children-were butchered.[/quote]

1945       [quote=”The Guardian, September 5th, 1945, page 8″]Altogether, it is estimated that [b]six million[/b] Jews have been killed.[/quote]

1945       [quote=”The Canberra Times, September 6th, 1945″][b]SIX MILLION[/b] JEWS KILLED BY GERMANS. Throughout the war the Germans killed [b]6,000,000[/b] Jews, the number left in Europe being approximately 1,600,000 […] most surviving Jews desired to emigrate to Palestine. The agency plans to send six groups of six men each to help Jews in German camps. […] It is planned to erect a monument on the summit of Mount Scopus to commemorate the Jews who died. It will bear the names of all the [b]6,000,000[/b], including soldiers, partisans and ghetto fighters. All the Jewish cultural documents and religious objects left in Central and Eastern Europe are to be collected in Palestine.[/quote]

1945       [quote=”The Evening Post (New Zealand), September 6th, 1945, page 7″]The Germans killed [b]6,000,000[/b] Jews during the war, said Mr. Eliahu Dobkin, head of the Jewish Agency’s immigration department, on his return to Jerusalem from Central Europe.[/quote]

1945       [quote=”New York Times, September 17th, 1945″][b]Six million[/b] Jews have died as martyrs and their blood cries up from the ground.[/quote]

1945       [quote=”The Evening Post, October 2nd, 1945, page 7″]The [b]6,000,000[/b] Jews who had been killed […][/quote]

1945       [quote=”The Canadian Jewish Chronicle, October 5th, 1945, page 6″]You now propose to continue to keep these doors shut against our survivors, after [b]six million[/b] of our people perished, for whose death your country [Britain] is not without blame.[/quote]

1945       [quote=”The Chester Times, October 10th, 1945″]It was our very unhappy conviction all along that the responsibility for extinction of [b]six million[/b] Jews in Europe was not Hitler’s alone. The entire Christian world shares that responsibility.[/quote]

1945       [quote=”The Observer, October 14th, 1945, page 5″]At the entrance to its office, a large poster asks the searching question: [b]Six million[/b] Jews have been murdered-world, where is thy conscience?[/quote]

1945       [quote=”Randolph Churchill, Winston Churchill’s son, Daily Boston Globe, November 22nd, 1945, page 9″][b]Six million[/b] Jews have been murdered in the past six years and the problem of finding a home for the two or three million European Jews who remain is one of urgent importance.[/quote]

One Comment on “147 references to the required number of “6,000,000 Jews” prior to the Nuremberg Trial


    The Zionists seek to destroy the republican form of government and to establish a socialist government in place of it. They have involved America in two world wars in pursuance of this plan.

    The Zionists are Communist and anti-Christian

    Their motives are greed and power. They seek to acquire the wealth of the world and to enslave the Goyim/Gentiles. They claim that they are “God’s Chosen People” and that He promised them that they should rule the world. They are taught this falsehood by their Babylonian Talmud and their rabbis. They seek to destroy all Goyim/Gentiles and all governments that interfere with their plans. Wars and depressions are necessary to accomplish these purposes and so we have wars and depressions. They always win and the Gentiles (Goyim) always lose.


    Was the great and revered rabbi Moses Ben Maimon (Maimonides) a racist?
    The Encyclopedia of the Jewish Religion refers to Moses Maimonides, a.k.a. Rambam, as “the symbol of the pure and orthodox faith.” His Guide of the Perplexed is considered the greatest work of Jewish religious philosophy, but his view of Blacks was Hitlerian:
    1. “[T]he Negroes found in the remote South, and those who resemble them from among them that are with us in these climes. The status of those is like that of irrational animals. To my mind they do not have the rank of men, but have among the beings a rank lower than the rank of man but higher than the rank of apes. For they have the external shape and lineaments of a man and a faculty of discernment that is superior to that of the apes.”
    Several Jewish scholars have translated the “Guide,” interpreting the above passage as referring to Black Africans:
    1. Moses Maimonides (1135-1204), The Guide of the Perplexed, translated and edited by Shlomo Pines; with an introductory essay by Leo Strauss (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1963), Chapter 51, pp. 618-19. Moses Maimonides, The Guide to the Perplexed, trans. and ed. Shlomo Pines (Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press, 1963), 2:618-19. Other translations use the term “cushites” or “blacks” in place of “Negroes.” See M. Friedlander’s translation (1904; reprint, New York: Dover, 1956), 384.
    2. Moses Maimonides (1135-1204), The Guide of the Perplexed; an abridged edition with introduction and commentary by Julius Guttmann; translated from the Arabic; Dalalat al-ha’irin; English; selections by Chaim Rabin; new introduction by Daniel H. Frank (Indianapolis, IN: Hackett, 1995), p. 185.
    3. Moses Maimonides (1135-1204), The Guide of the Perplexed, translated from the original and annotated by M. Friedländer (New York: Hebrew Pub. Co., 1881), pp. 279-80. Here the word “Kushites” is used.
    One might also see Essays on Maimonides; An Octocentennial Volume, edited by Salo Wittmayer Baron (New York: Columbia University Press, 1941). Baron is quite explicit about the attitudes of Maimonides on slavery. On page 239, for instance, he writes, “For Maimuni [Maimonides] a slave is not fully human in matters of sex…”

    “If there was a legal case between a Jew and a Gentile (non-Jew), then the manner of judging between them is as I will explain: if we [i.e., a Jew] will win under their laws, we judge them according to their laws and say to them: this is your law! If it is better that we judge according to our laws, we judge them according to our laws and say to them: this is our law! And do not find it difficult, and don’t be surprised by it, just as one is not surprised about the slaughter of animals even though they have done no harm, for one in whom human characteristics are not complete is not truly a man, and his end purpose is only for ‘man’ [that is to say, the entire raison d’etre of the Gentiles is only for the benefit of the complete man —

    comment by Rabbi Y. Kapach shlita in his edition of Maimonides’s Commentary on the Mishnah], and the discussion on this matter requires a separate book.”

    ‘You have not begun to appreciate the real depth of our guilt. We are intruders. We are disturbers. We are subverters. We have taken your natural world, your ideals, your destiny, and played havoc with them. We have been at the bottom not merely of the latest great war but nearly all your wars, not only of the Russian but of every other major revolution in your history. We have brought discord and confusion and frustration into your personal and public life. We are still doing it. No one can tell how long we shall go on doing it.’

    ‘A Real Case Against the Jews,’ Marcus Eli Ravage, The Century Magazine, January 1928, Vol. 115, No. 3 pp. 346-350. Part 2 appeared in the following issue, pp.476-483.

    ‘We shall drive the Christians into war by exploiting their national vanity and stupidity. They will then massacre each other, thus giving room for our own people.’

    Rabbi Reichorn in Le Contemporain, July 1, 1880

    ‘The Jew alone regards his race as superior to humanity, and looks forward not to its ultimate union with other races, but to its triumph over them all and to its final ascendancy under the leadership of a tribal Messiah.’

    Goldwin Smith, Professor of Modern History, Oxford University, in Nineteenth Century, October 1881

    (Or How the Jew Screws the Goyim)

    The Wasp That Enslaves Cockroaches With a Sting to the Brain

    By Matt Simon

    In the 1962 film The Manchurian Candidate, which my 10th grade history teacher showed us under the mistaken impression that it could teach us anything at all about history, an American war hero is brainwashed by communists to assassinate a presidential nominee. It doesn’t work, because the reds went about the mind-control all wrong. They would have done well to take a lesson from the emerald cockroach wasp (aka the jewel wasp), which employs a very real and far more disturbing and effective method of brainwashing.

    This parasitic marvel enslaves cockroaches by stinging their brains in ridiculously precise spots and injecting mind-controlling venom. The wasp then leads its zombified roach to a chamber, where it lays a single egg on its perfectly relaxed host and seals it inside with pebbles. Here the larva bores into the cockroach and feeds off its organs before killing it and emerging from its corpse into the light of day.

    This is nature’s own Orkin Man — if the Orkin Man was psychologically imbalanced and just a little too excited about his job, and didn’t have all the wings and stuff. But just think of the evolution involved here. The jewel wasp has over millions of years not only developed a mind-control drug, but an astonishingly methodical brand of brain surgery to deliver it.

    “OK, seriously. I would really rather check with my health care provider before we do this brain surgery. Actually, now that I think of it — did I pay my bill last month? I don’t think I paid my bill last month. Just hold on a second. Let me think. No? I mean, just…just give me a second to think. Nope I guess we’re just going ahead with this.”

    Like any good tale, this one begins with sex. We’re not yet sure of their reproductive habits in the wild, but in captivity female jewel wasps mate once in a lifetime. Once she’s fertilized, though, she carries enough eggs to parasitize dozens of cockroaches — one egg per unfortunate bug.

    The female jewel wasp will track down a cockroach by smell and sight, hitting it with a lightning-fast strike and biting onto its exoskeleton, then flexing her abdomen to jab at the bug’s vulnerable underbelly. The roach doesn’t take too kindly to this, struggling frantically and tucking in its chin in a desperate attempt to ward off what inevitably follows.

    “Stinging a strong prey that’s often six times (or more) larger than yourself is not an easy task,” neurobiologist Ram Gal of Israel’s Ben-Gurion University said in an email interview. “Especially so when the venom must reach the brain of the prey, requiring delicate steering of the stinger inside the head of the cockroach. Hence, upon grabbing the cockroach by the pronotum [the armor], the wasp first injects venom inside the prey’s thorax, namely between the first (‘pro-thoracic’) pair of legs.”

    The roach’s front legs are now paralyzed, the first stage of behavioral modification, allowing the wasp to pull its stinger out and jam it into the neck unimpeded. This sting is far more precise, lasting close to a minute compared to a few fleeting seconds of the first. “During this time,” said Gal, “the wasp can uninterruptedly steer its stinger through the different tissues within the cockroach’s head capsule until it finds — using specialized sensory organs on the tip of its stinger — the cockroach’s brain.”

    That’s right. The wasp feels its way through the brain, depositing venom in two different spots, the supra-esophageal ganglion and sub-esophageal ganglion. Then she backs off, and at this point the cockroach does something rather unexpected for a bug that’s endured forcible brain surgery: It grooms itself obsessively for half an hour, stuck right at the spot of the attack, as if preparing for a date that sadly never comes. (I’m not trying to make this depressing, it’s just kinda happening.)

    While the cockroach is preening, the wasp flies off in search of a burrow, returning as this venom-induced behavior is beginning to fade. And it’s at this time that the third stage of behavioral modification kicks in — full-blown zombification. “It will stay in this state for days, and will not self-initiate locomotion or try to escape,” said Gal.

    A jewel wasp gnaws off the antennae of its cockroach host for sustenance. The resulting flow of hemolymph, the insect equivalent of blood, is a bit like Gatorade for the wasp, which uses it to recharge for an extreme sport called “the brutal parasitizing of cockroaches.” It’s all the rage. Surprised you haven’t heard of it, bro.


    Now the wasp amputates the cockroach’s antennae and drinks its hemolymph, the insect version of blood that’s packed with sugars and proteins, allowing her to replenish energy she lost in the battle. And the cockroach doesn’t resist in the slightest. When she’s done drinking, the wasp then bites down on the stub of a gnawed-off antenna and begins leading the zombified cockroach like a dog on a leash.

    But this is no ungainly zombie of popular culture. There’s no stumbling and such. The roach is in absolute control of its faculties, walking perfectly normally and fully cooperating with its master.
    Once at the burrow, the wasp unceremoniously shoves the roach inside and lays a single egg on its leg, then begins collecting pebbles. With these she entombs her victim and her voracious offspring. Here, watch my kid for a bit, she seems to say.

    “This takes about 30 minutes, during which the cockroach does not try to remove the egg from its leg or to escape its (yet wide open) tomb,” said Gal. “When the wasp finishes sealing the burrow, which is meant to protect the cockroaches (and the egg and developing larva) from potential predators more than prevent it from escaping, it flies off in search of a new prey.”

    After about two days, the egg hatches and the larva chews a hole into the cockroach’s abdomen, feeding on the hemolymph that oozes out. It then climbs into the abdomen like Luke kicking it in the tauntaun, though unlike Luke the larva eats the organs, cleverly saving the nervous system for last. Once that’s gone, the cockroach finally dies, at which point the larva secretes an antimicrobial compound on the walls of the now-empty insect. It’ll pupate in this sanitized (it is a corpse, after all) home for a month, then finally break through the husk as an adult wasp.

    Like humans, jewel wasp babies are delivered by storks, in this case the hollowed-out corpse of a cockroach.

    So what, then, was in that venom that could so thoroughly zombify a cockroach? Gal isn’t yet sure, other than it’s a cocktail of compounds, and that it appears that the same venom is used for the sting to the legs and to the brain. “We therefore assume that different components within this venom cocktail, and their different effects in different parts of the cockroach’s nervous system, are responsible for the different behavioral manipulations (short-term paralysis, grooming, and ‘zombification’).”

    Interestingly, if Gal removes the egg from a zombified cockroach’s leg in the lab, it will revert to normal behavior after several days. For Gal, this suggests that the zombification is a more delicate manipulation than a total hijacking of the roach’s nervous system. In addition, remember that the cockroach will walk as it normally does, and will right itself as it typically would if you flip it over, demonstrating that sensory and motor functions are normal.

    Yet it chooses to willingly follow the wasp to its doom, so what we have here is actually a conundrum of free will — that highly contentious topic you appropriately enough chose not to pay attention to in Philosophy 101 lectures (Rush did a pretty sicknasty CliffsNotes version, if you’re into the whole brevity thing). The cockroach is fully capable of fleeing, so why doesn’t it? “This implies that, like mammals, insects are not merely ‘automatons’ that react deterministically to external stimuli (a common misconception, among scientists and laymen alike),” said Gal, “but instead have a basic ability to choose when to take action and which action to take.”

    “In other words,” Gal added, “and together with evidence from other insect neuroscience research, this may mean that insects have an internal representation of the external environment (similar to mammals’), as well as an ‘internal state’ that drives their motivation to favor specific behavioral actions over others in a given situation. This is what we humans often refer to as ‘free will.’”

    So instead of explicitly instructing the cockroach with chemicals, as parasitic fungi do to ants to make their hosts die where the fungi can best grow, the jewel wasp could be using brain surgery to effectively remove the free will of its host. And keep in mind that all this amazing business is, at its core, just really good parenting — a creature going to an extreme to ensure the proliferation of its genes.

    So the next time a cockroach wanders across your kitchen, rejoice. One day it may help bring a jewel wasp into the world, and suffer greatly for it. Only I just remembered that jewel wasps live in Asia and Africa, so if you’re anywhere else, I really don’t know what to tell you. Get a pet jewel wasp or something.*

    *This is a joke. Absurd Creature of the Week in no way encourages readers to introduce invasive species, no matter how good they are at killing cockroaches. Call pest control like a normal human being.


    Richard Dawkins provides several examples of how cunning parasites can be and how easy it is to be fooled. The sophistication of some ant species makes the cuckoo look like a novice. He describes a parasitic ant which invades a neighboring colony, seeks out its queen, climbs on top of it and methodically gnaws off its head. Having usurped the position at the top of this social hierarchy, the alien queen produces eggs which are tended by the invaded colonies’ workers, and new queens then go off to invade other colonies.
    Even this strategy has been improved upon by another ant species. To quote The Selfish Gene, p. 252 (Dawkins is here referring to the founder of sociobiology, Edward Wilson):
    ‘But sawing off heads is a bit of a chore. Parasites are not accustomed to exerting themselves if they can coerce a stand-in. My favorite character in Wilson’s The Insect Societies is Monomorium santschii. This species, over evolutionary time, has lost its worker caste altogether. The host workers do everything for their parasites, even the most terrible task of all. At the behest of the invading parasite queen, they actually perform the deed of murdering their own mother. The usurper doesn’t need to use her jaws. She uses mind-control. How she does it is a mystery; she probably employs a chemical, for ant nervous systems are generally highly attuned to them. If her weapon is indeed chemical, then it is as insidious a drug as any known to science. For think what it accomplishes. It floods the brain of the worker ant, grabs the reins of her muscles, woos her from deeply ingrained duties and turns her against her own mother. For ants, matricide is an act of special genetic madness and formidable indeed must be the drug that drives them to it. In the world of the extended phenotype, ask not how an animal’s behaviour benefits its genes; ask instead whose genes it is benefiting.’



    “There are no important media outlets in the US that are not owned or controlled by Jews.”
    — Israel Shamir
    The Dark Secret of Jewish Power is Out

    “Every time we do something, you [Shimon Peres] tell me America will do this and will do that… I want to tell you something very clear: Don’t worry about American pressure on Israel. We, the Jewish people, control America, and the Americans know it.”

    Ariel Sharon
    Israeli Prime Minister, homicidal psychopath
    Knesset, Tel Aviv, October 3, 2001

    The largest media conglomerate today is Walt Disney Company, whose former chairman and CEO, Michael Eisner, was a Jew. The Disney Empire, headed by a man described by one media analyst as a “control freak”, includes several television production companies (Walt Disney Television, Touchstone Television, Buena Vista Television), its own cable network with 14 million subscribers, and two video production companies. As for feature films, the Walt Disney Picture Group, headed by Joe Roth (also a Jew), includes Touchstone Pictures, Hollywood Pictures, and Caravan Pictures. Disney also owns Miramax Films, run by the Weinstein brothers. When the Disney Company was run by the Gentile Disney family prior to its takeover by Eisner in 1984, it epitomized wholesome, family entertainment. While it still holds the rights to Snow White, under Eisner, the company has expanded into the production of graphic sex and violence. In addition, it has 225 affiliated stations in the United States and is part owner of several European TV companies.

    Robert Allen “Bob” Iger (born February 10, 1951) is an American businessman and the current chairman and chief executive officer of The Walt Disney Company. He was named president of Disney in 2000, and later succeeded Michael Eisner as chief executive in 2005, after a successful effort by Roy E. Disney to shake-up the management of the company. Iger oversaw the acquisition of Pixar Animation Studios in 2006, following a period of strained relations with the animation studio. He also led the company to acquire Marvel Entertainment in 2009 and Lucasfilm in 2012, further broadening Disney’s intellectual property franchises.


    ABC’s cable subsidiary, ESPN, is headed by president and CEO Steven Bornstein, a Jew.
    This corporation also has a controlling share of Lifetime Television and the Arts & Entertainment Network cable companies. ABC Radio Network owns eleven AM and ten FM stations, again in major cities such as New York, Washington, Los Angeles, and has over 3,400 affiliates. Although primarily a telecommunications company, Capital Cities/ABC earned over $1 billion in publishing in 1994. It owns seven daily newspapers, Fairchild Publications, Chilton Publications, and the Diversified Publishing Group. Time Warner, Inc, is the second of the international media leviathans.
    The chairman of the board and CEO, Gerald Levin, is a Jew. Time Warner’s subsidiary HBO is the country’s largest pay-TV cable network. Warner Music is by far the world’s largest record company, with 50 labels, the biggest of which is Warner Brothers Records, headed by Danny Goldberg. Stuart Hersch is president of Warnervision, Warner Music’s video production unit. Goldberg and Hersch are Jews. Warner Music was an early promoter of “gangsta rap.” Through its involvement with Interscope Records, it helped popularize a genre whose graphic lyrics explicitly urge Blacks to commit acts of violence against Whites. In addition to cable and music, Time Warner is heavily involved in the production of feature films (Warner Brothers Studio) and publishing. Time Warner’s publishing division (editor-in-chief Norman Pearlstine, a Jew) is the largest magazine publisher in the country (Time, Sports Illustrated, People, Fortune).


    The official unabridged Soncino Edition of the Talmud published in 1935 was “Translated into English with Notes, Glossary and Indices” by such eminent Talmudic scholars as Rabbi Dr. I. Epstein, Rabbi Dr. Samuel Daiches, Rabbi Dr. Israel W. Slotki, M.A., Litt.D., The Reverend Dr. A. Cohen, M.A.’, Ph.D., Maurice Simon, M.A., and the Very Reverend The Chief Rabbi Dr. J.H. Hertz wrote the “Foreword” for the Soncino Edition of the Talmud. The Very Reverend Rabbi Hertz was at the time the Chief Rabbi of England.

    The world’s leading authorities on the Talmud confirm that the official unabridged Soncino Edition of the Talmud translated into English follows the original texts with great exactness. It is almost a word-for-word translation of the original texts. In his famous classic “The History of the Talmud,” Michael Rodkinson, the leading authority on the Talmud, in collaboration with the celebrated Reverend Dr. Isaac M. Wise states:

    “THE TALMUD IS ONE OF THE WONDERS OF THE WORLD. During the twenty centuries of its existence…IT SURVIVED IN ITS ENTIRETY, and not only has the power of its foes FAILED TO DESTROY EVEN A SINGLE LINE, but it has not even been able materially to weaken its influence for any length of time. IT STILL DOMINATES THE MINDS OF A WHOLE PEOPLE, WHO VENERATE ITS CONTENTS AS DIVINE TRUTH…”

    SANHEDRIN, 55b-55a: “What is meant by this? – Rab said: Pederasty with a child below nine years of age is not deemed as pederasty with a child above that. Samuel said: Pederasty with a child below three years is not treated as with a child above that (2) What is the basis of their dispute? – Rab maintains that only he who is able to engage in sexual intercourse, may, as the passive subject of pederasty throw guilt (upon the actual offender); whilst he who is unable to engage in sexual intercourse cannot be a passive subject of pederasty (in that respect) (3). But Samuel maintains: Scriptures writes, (And thou shalt not lie with mankind) as with the lyings of a woman (4). It has been taught in accordance with Rab: Pederasty at the age of nine years and a day; (55a) (he) who commits bestiality, whether naturally or unnaturally: or a woman who causes herself to be bestiality abused, whether naturally or unnaturally, is liable to punishment (5).”

    This “divine truth” which “a whole people venerate” of which “not a single letter of it is missing” and today “is flourishing to such a degree as cannot be found in its history” is illustrated by the additional verbatim quotations which follow:

    SANHEDRIN, 55b: “A maiden three years and a day may be acquired in marriage by coition, and if her deceased husband’s brother cohabits with her, she becomes his. The penalty of adultery may be incurred through her; (if a niddah) she defiles him who has connection with her, so that he in turn defiles that upon which he lies, as a garment which has lain upon (a person afflicted with gonorrhea).”

    (footnotes) “(2) His wife derives no pleasure from this, and hence there is no cleaving. (3) A variant reading of this passage is: Is there anything permitted to a Jew which is forbidden to a heathen. Unnatural connection is permitted to a Jew. (4) By taking the two in conjunction, the latter as illustrating the former, we learn that the guilt of violating the injunction `to his wife but not to his neighbor’s wife’ is incurred only for natural but not for unnatural intercourse.”

    SANHEDRIN, 69b “Our rabbis taught: If a woman sported lewdly with her young son (a minor), and he committed the first stage of cohabitation with her, -Beth Shammai says, he thereby renders her unfit for the priesthood (1). Beth Hillel declares her fit…All agree that the connection of a boy nine years and a day is a real connection; whilst that of one less than eight years is not (2); their dispute refers only to one who is eight years old.

    KETHUBOTH, 11a-11b. “Rabba said, It means (5) this: When a grown up man has intercourse with a little girl it is nothing, for when the girl is less than this (6), it is as if one puts the finger in the eye (7), but when a small boy has intercourse with a grown up woman, he makes her as `a girl who is injured by a piece of wood’ “.
    (footnotes) “(5). Lit., `says’. (6) Lit., `here’, that is, less than three years old. (7) Tears come to the eyes again and again, so does virginity come back to the little girl under three years.”

    KETHUBOTH, 11a-11b. “Rab Judah said that Rab said: A small boy who has intercourse with a grown up woman makes her (as though she were ) injured by a piece of wood (1). Although the intercourse of a small boy is not regarded as a sexual act, nevertheless the woman is injured by it as by a piece of wood.”
    (footnotes) “(1) Although the intercourse of a small boy is not regarded as a sexual act, nevertheless the woman is injured by it as by a piece of wood.”

    ABODAH ZARAH, 36b-37a. “R. Naham b. Isaac said: They decreed in connection with a heathen child that it would cause defilement by seminal emission (2) so that an Israelite child should not become accustomed to commit pederasty with it…From what age does a heathen child cause defilement by seminal emission? From the age of nine years and one day. (37a) for inasmuch as he is then capable of the sexual act he likewise defiles by emission. Rabina said: It is therefore to be concluded that a heathen girl (communicates defilement) from the age of three years and one day, for inasmuch as she is then capable of the sexual act she likewise defiles by a flux.

    SOTAH, 26b. “R. Papa said: It excludes an animal, because there is not adultery in connection with an animal (4). Raba of Parazika (5) asked R. Ashi, Whence is the statement which the Rabbis made that there is no adultery in connection with an animal? Because it is written, Thou shalt not bring the hire of a harlot or the wages of a dog etc.; (6) and it has been taught: The hire of a dog (7) and the wages of a harlot (8) are permissible, as it is said, Even both of these (9) – the two (specified texts are abominations) but not four (10)…As lying with mankind. (12) But, said Raba, it excludes the case where he warned her against contact of the bodies (13). Abaye said to him, That is merely an obscene act (and not adultery), and did the All-Merciful prohibit (a wife to her husband) for an obscene act?”

    Of the “sacred” Talmudic teachings of the “Sages,” preserved since 500 A.D. and taught more widely today than ever before in Talmud-Torah schools in the U.S.A., perhaps nothing better illustrates “fools” with “reprobate minds” than the teaching in the Talmud book of Yebamoth that spittle on the top of the bed curtain proves that a wife has been guilty of adultery, as only lying down face upwards could she have spit up on it. Spitting several feet straight up! The Talmud states: “When a peddler leaves a house and the woman within is fastening her sinnar [breech-cloth] … . If spittle is found on the upper part of the curtained bed she must, said Rabbi, go.” Footnote: “Even if there were no witnesses that misconduct took place.” Further footnote: “Only the woman lying face upwards could have spat on the spot. Intercourse may, there fore, be suspected.”

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